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Canada election: Meet the major political party leaders | Climate Change News

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Canadians will elect the nation’s forty fourth parliament on Monday, capping simply over 5 weeks of campaigning that noticed federal party leaders pledge to fight climate change, reply to a deepening housing disaster and sort out the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and the Conservatives headed by Erin O’Toole have been polling neck-and-neck in the lead-up to the vote, whereas the left-leaning New Democrats underneath Jagmeet Singh are in third with about 20 p.c assist.

The Quebec nationalist Bloc Quebecois, environmentalist Inexperienced Party of Canada, and far-right Folks’s Party of Canada spherical out the six most important events influencing politics in Canada.

Right here, Al Jazeera seems at who the party leaders are and what they’ve promised:

Justin Trudeau

Liberal Chief Justin Trudeau is the present and twenty third prime minister of Canada [Justin Tang/Pool via Reuters]

Justin Trudeau is the present and twenty third Prime Minister of Canada.

The 48-year-old is in his second time period as prime minister after his Liberal Party secured a 157-seat minority authorities in the final federal election in October 2019.

Trudeau, who gained the Liberal management in 2013, first grew to become prime minister in 2015. The Liberals gained a majority in the election that yr, besting the Conservative Party, which underneath then-leader Stephen Harper had been in energy for almost a decade.

Trudeau, who serves in a Montreal electoral using, and the Liberals garner a lot of their assist from Atlantic Canada, on the nation’s east coast, in addition to in pockets of Ontario and Quebec – the two most populous provinces.

Trudeau triggered this month’s snap election in hopes that his authorities’s dealing with of the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated financial stimulus plan would ship it a parliamentary majority. However he has confronted angry, anti-vaccine protesters on the marketing campaign path.

The Liberals’ election platform promises 78 billion Canadian dollars ($62bn) in new spending throughout 5 years, with a concentrate on healthcare, ought to the party kind the subsequent authorities. They’ve pledged to supply free coronavirus booster jabs for all Canadians in addition to $1bn in funding to provinces and territories that need to implement vaccine passport techniques.

On the atmosphere, the party – which has been criticised for backing a contentious oil pipeline growth venture – says it’s going to get to net-zero emissions by 2050. Throughout the previous weeks, it additionally pledged tens of millions of dollars to assist Indigenous communities seek for unmarked graves at “residential faculties”, stated it might tighten present gun rules in Canada and promised to resettle 40,000 Afghan refugees in the aftermath of the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan.

Erin O’Toole

Erin O’Toole gained the Conservative Party management in 2020 [Jennifer Gauthier/Reuters]

Erin O’Toole is the chief of the official opposition, the Conservative Party of Canada.

After the defeat of the Conservatives in the 2019 elections, and subsequent resignation of then-leader Andrew Scheer, O’Toole – who serves as member of parliament in the jap Ontario using of Durham – gained the party management in 2020.

The Conservatives get a lot of their assist in the central Prairie provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, in addition to components of Ontario and Quebec.

The Conservatives have promised to fulfill the unique Paris Accord targets of lowering emissions by 30 p.c beneath 2005 ranges by 2030 – a pledge that falls wanting what Canada has since promised. In addition they have proposed getting 30 p.c of all light-duty car gross sales, akin to passenger vehicles, to be zero-emission autos by 2030.

The Conservatives have promised billions in new investments if elected and O’Toole says the party would steadiness the price range in 10 years “with out cuts” via its financial stimulus and progress plan.

On COVID-19, O’Toole has stated he would work with Canadian provinces to implement a countrywide proof-of-vaccination system, however he has opposed necessary vaccines for federal workers and has not made it a requirement for Conservative candidates to be inoculated.

The Conservatives say they again the Liberal promise to resettle about 20,000 Afghans.

Jagmeet Singh

NDP chief Jagmeet Singh has promised to scale back carbon emissions to 50 p.c beneath 2005 ranges by 2030 [Christinne Muschi/Reuters]

Jagmeet Singh is the chief of Canada’s left-leaning New Democratic Party (NDP), which holds the fourth-most seats in parliament.

The 42-year-old, who’s Sikh, won the party leadership in 2017 to turn out to be the first seen minority chief of a federal party in Canada. Beforehand, Singh – who at the moment represents the Burnaby South using in British Columbia – served as deputy chief of the Ontario NDP.

After a surprisingly sturdy displaying in Quebec in 2011 – dubbed the “Orange Wave” – propelled the party to official opposition standing, the party misplaced some floor in the 2015 election. It then had disappointing ends in 2019, securing solely 24 seats – 20 fewer than in the earlier vote.

Most of the New Democrats’ seats are in British Columbia and Ontario.

The NDP is proposing a $20 minimum wage for all federal staff and 10 days of paid sick go away. Singh recently criticised Trudeau for promising paid sick go away throughout the marketing campaign, however refusing to cross the measure whereas in authorities.

To sort out the local weather disaster, the party has pledged to reduce carbon emissions to 50 p.c beneath 2005 ranges by 2030, in addition to create more than a million “good jobs” as a part of a shift that features constructing “inexperienced infrastructure” in communities throughout Canada.

On Indigenous rights, the NDP has proposed making a First Nations justice and policing technique to sort out the disproportionate illustration of Indigenous individuals in Canada’s jail system, whereas promising to completely implement the Reality and Reconciliation Fee’s 94 Calls to Motion.

Singh and the New Democrats additionally assist waiving mental property rights for COVID-19 vaccines and know-how transfers to assist finish the international pandemic.

Yves-Francois Blanchet

Underneath Yves-Francois Blanchet, the Bloc Quebecois elevated its seats in parliament from 10 to 32 in the final federal election in 2019 [Blair Gable/Reuters]

Yves-Francois Blanchet is chief of the Bloc Quebecois, a party that solely runs candidates in Quebec and payments itself is “the solely party” to advertise the French-speaking province’s pursuits at the federal degree.

Blanchet beforehand served as a member of the Quebec legislature with the separatist provincial Parti Quebecois (PQ) from 2008 to 2014, in addition to a PQ cupboard minister. He ran unopposed for the Bloc management in 2019 and gained.

Underneath Blanchet, who represents a using south of Montreal, the party elevated its seats in parliament from 10 to 32 in the final federal election.

The party says it’s going to introduce a invoice to make understanding enough French a situation for granting Canadian citizenship to new immigrants in Quebec, saying the French language is in decline and have to be protected.

The Bloc’s platform requires no interference from Ottawa in the implementation of Quebec legal guidelines and that no public cash be spent on lawsuits in opposition to them. Lately, Quebec’s Bill 21, which bans the sporting of non secular symbols in the public sector, has confronted a number of authorized challenges.

The Bloc has pledged to create a “inexperienced equalisation” programme that might reward provinces who successfully battle local weather change. The party referred to as for an finish to gas subsidies, urging the cash to be redirected to scrub vitality initiatives. On healthcare, the Bloc says the federal authorities ought to enhance its funding to provinces – which management their respective well being techniques – from 22 to 35 p.c.

Annamie Paul

Annamie Paul is the first Black Canadian and Jewish lady to steer a federal party [Blair Gable/Reuters]

Annamie Paul is the chief of the Inexperienced Party.

She is the first Black Canadian and Jewish lady to steer a federal party. The 48-year-old gained the party management final yr, changing longtime chief Elizabeth Might.

However she is the solely federal party chief who isn’t a member of parliament after she misplaced a by-election in the using of Toronto Centre in October 2020. She is campaigning for that very same seat on this election – and she or he has skipped the marketing campaign path in an effort to concentrate on her race.

The Inexperienced Party, which isn’t operating a full slate of candidates on this election, gained three seats in the final federal vote in 2019.

With the atmosphere as the party’s most important focus, the Inexperienced Party wants to scale back greenhouse fuel emissions by 60 p.c from 2005 ranges by the yr 2030, with the aim of reaching web destructive by 2050. The party additionally requires cancelling all pipeline initiatives, offering zero gas subsidies, and banning the gross sales of all “inner combustion engine passenger autos by 2030”.

Furthermore, the Greens have proposed to interchange “each high-paying fossil gas sector job with a high-paying inexperienced sector job” via wage insurance coverage.

On COVID-19, the party says it’s going to lengthen all wage and hire subsidies till all coronavirus restrictions are lifted, and maintain the enterprise tax fee at not more than 9 p.c.

The party’s international coverage commitments embody signing and ratifying the Treaty to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, calling for international nuclear disarmament and ending federal assist for Canadian exporters concerned in gross sales of fossil fuels and arms.

Maxime Bernier

Maxime Bernier launched the far-right Folks’s Party of Canada after he misplaced the Conservative Party management race in 2017 [Michael Hawkins/Reuters]

Maxime Bernier is the chief of the far-right Folks’s Party of Canada (PPC).

A former Conservative Party MP and cupboard minister, Bernier narrowly didn’t win the party management in 2017, prompting him to go away the Conservatives simply over a yr later to kind the PPC.

However underneath the PPC banner, Bernier misplaced his seat in Quebec’s rural Beauce using, which he had held since 2006, in the final federal election in 2019. He misplaced by greater than 10 proportion factors to the native Conservative candidate.

The PPC, which isn’t operating a full slate of candidates on this election, has no consultant in parliament. It gained just one.6 p.c of the vote in 2019.

The party is at the moment polling at about 6 p.c assist and is stealing some votes away from the Conservatives, nevertheless it holds little probability of successful a seat in parliament.

The PPC is campaigning on an anti-coronavirus vaccine, anti-immigration platform, and garners a lot of its assist from the Far Proper in Canada.

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